EUROPEAN MYCOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION

Keys


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This web page provides information about fungal identification keys. If you have information you would like posted here, please send it to the EMA Webmaster. For each item listed, a hyperlink is provided to its internet site or, where this is not possible, a contact name and address or some other identifying information. Additional explanatory information may then follow. Where the name of the item is not in English, a translation may be provided in italics in square brackets after that information, followed where appropriate by the geographical region to which the item relates, then the principal language of the item and, in alphabetical order, other languages used.

By Region: Asia, Atlantic Ocean, Australasia, Caribbean, Central America, Europe, Global, North America, South America

By Systematic Position: Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, Chromista, Conidial fungi, Myxomycota, Zygomycota

GLOBAL

Provisional World Key to Species Close to Amanita hemibapha with Notes on the Slender Caesar's Mushrooms of Eastern North America [English]

ASIA

General

Lichen Determination Keys: Common Malesian Lichen Genera [English]

Iran

Lichen Determination Keys: Lichens of Iran [English]

ATLANTIC OCEAN

General

Bestimmungsschlüssel für die Parmeliaceae (Blattflechten) von Laurimacaronesien [Key to the Parmeliaceae (Foliose Lichens) of Macaronesia, German]

AUSTRALASIA

New Zealand

Key to Lophodermium [English]
Key to Rhytismataceae Genera [English]
Rhytismataceae by Host [English]

CARIBBEAN

General

Key and Literature Guide to the Genera of Lichenized Fungi (Lichens) in the Neotropics [English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Neotropical Genera [English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Neotropical Hypotrachyna [English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Neotropical Parmotrema [English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Neotropical Stereocaulon [English]

CENTRAL AMERICA

General

Key and Literature Guide to the Genera of Lichenized Fungi (Lichens) in the Neotropics [English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Neotropical Genera [English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Neotropical Hypotrachyna [English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Neotropical Parmotrema [English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Neotropical Stereocaulon [English]

Costa Rica

Draft Keys to Amanitaceae of Costa Rica & Neighbouring Regions [English]
Key to Clitopilus in Costa Rica [English]
Key to Laccaria in Costa Rica [English]
Key to Phaeocollybia in Costa Rica [English]
Key to Rhodocybe in South America & Costa Rica [English]
Key for Smut Fungi Known in Costa Rica Based on the Families of Host Plants [English]
Macrofungi of Costa Rica, Interactive Keys: Leccinum & Phylloporus in Costa Rica [Spanish, English]

EUROPE

General

Keys to Cortinarius Subgenus Dermocybe in Nordic Countries [English]

Leccinum Revisited [English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Pertusaria in Europe & the Mediterranean [English]
Synoptic Keys to the Sclerotiniaceae & Rutstroemiaceae in Nordic Countries [English]

Eire

Key to Parmelia of Great Britain & Ireland [English]

Germany

Key to Inocybe [German]

Netherlands

De Nederlandse Cladonia's [Key to Cladonias of the Netherlands, Dutch]

Norway

Key to Mycenas of Norway [English]
Keys to Genera & Species of Caliciales in Norway [English]

Norske Poresopper [Nordic Polypores, Norwegian]

UK

British Fungi: Key to Acanthostigmella [English]
British Fungi: Key to Bankera [UK, English]
British Fungi: Key to Exidia [English]
British Fungi: Key to Hericium [English]
British Fungi: Key to Hydnellum [UK, English]
British Fungi: Key to Hydnum [English]
British Fungi: Key to Lembosina [English]
British Fungi: Key to Lichenopeltella [English]
British Fungi: Key to Microthyrium [UK, English]
British Fungi: Key to Morenoina [English]
British Fungi: Key to Peziza [English]
British Fungi: Key to Phellodon [English]
British Fungi: Key to Sarcodon [English]
British Fungi: Key to Stomiopeltis [English]
British Fungi: Key to Taphrophila [English]
British Fungi: Key to Tubeufia [English]
British Mycological Society Keys [English]
Illustrated Guide to Lichens on Twigs [English]
Key to Geoglossum [UK, English]
Key to Parmelia of Great Britain & Ireland [English]

Ukraine

Fungi of Ukraine: Rhytismatales [English]

NORTH AMERICA

General

Amanita Species of Section Phalloideae from North America Having Membranous, Limbate to Saccate Volvas [English]
Ed's E-Key, a User-friendly Point & Click Key to the Mushrooms of North America [English]
Key to North American Armillaria Species [English]
Systematic Studies in Discomycetes: Pezizales [English]

Canada

Draft Keys to Species of Amanita Occurring in California, Idaho, Oregon & Washington USA, and in Neighbouring Regions of Canada and Mexico [English]
Draft Keys to Species of Amanita Occurring in Northeastern USA and Eastern Canada [English]
Key to Collybia Sensu Stricto of the Northeast United States & Canada [English]
Key to Gymnopus of the Northeast United States & Canada [English]
Key to Rhodocollybia of the Northeast United States & Canada [English]
Key to Tricholoma of Québec [English]
Lichens of British Columbia, Illustrated Keys: Part 1, Foliose and Squamulose Species [English]

Mexico

Draft Keys to Species of Amanita Occurring in California, Idaho, Oregon & Washington USA, and in Neighbouring Regions of Canada and Mexico [English]

USA

Draft Keys to Species of Amanita Occurring in California, Idaho, Oregon & Washington USA, and in Neighbouring Regions of Canada and Mexico [English]
Draft Keys to Species of Amanita Occurring in Northeastern USA and Eastern Canada [English]
Foliose & Fruticose Lichens of Maine [English]
Fungi of California: a Simplified Key [English]
The Genus Tilletia in the United States [English]
Key to Collybia Sensu Stricto of the Northeast United States & Canada [English]
Key to the Genera of the Operculate Cup Fungi of the Pacific Northwest & Rocky Mountain Region [English]
Key to the Genus Ophioparma in Eastern North America [English]
Key to the Genus Parmelia Sensu Stricto in Eastern North America [English]
Key to Gomphillus of Eastern North America [English]
Key to Gymnopus of the Northeast United States & Canada [English]
Key to Lime-loving Lichens of Eastern North America [English]
Key to Morchella [English]
Key to Rhodocollybia of the Northeast United States & Canada [English]
Lichens of the Ozarks: Key to Bacidia, Bacidina, Fellhanera and Some Other Species with a Similar Type of Spores [English]
Lichens of the Ozarks: Key to Protoblastenia [English]
Morels & False Morels [English]
Oklahoma Co-operative Extension Service: Simplified Key to the Phytophthora spp. Most Commonly Isolated from Irrigation Water [English]
Provisional World Key to Species Close to Amanita hemibapha with Notes on the Slender Caesar's Mushrooms of Eastern North America [English]
Ravenelia in the United States & Argentina [English]
Trial Key to Helvellaceae of the Pacific Northwest [English]
Synoptic Key to Common Lichens of the Northwest USA [English]
University of West Virginia, Diagnostic Keys to Major Tree Fruit Diseases in the Mid-Atlantic Region [English]

SOUTH AMERICA

General

Key and Literature Guide to the Genera of Lichenized Fungi (Lichens) in the Neotropics [English]
Key to Rhodocybe in South America & Costa Rica [English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Neotropical Genera [English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Neotropical Hypotrachyna [English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Neotropical Parmotrema [English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Neotropical Stereocaulon [English]

Argentina

Ravenelia in the United States & Argentina [English]

Chile

Cladoniaceae of Chile [English]

Ecuador

Podetiate Lichens of Highland Ecuador [English]

French Guiana

Key to the Lichen Genera of the Guianas [English]

Guyana

Key to the Lichen Genera of the Guianas [English]

Surinam

Key to the Lichen Genera of the Guianas [English]

ASCOMYCOTA

General, Arthoniales, Caliciales, Helotiales, Hypocreales, Lecanorales, Microthyriales, Pertusariales, Pezizales, Pleosporales, Rhytismatales, Sordariales, Teloschistales, Trichotheliales, Xylariales, Incertae Sedis

General

Foliose & Fruticose Lichens of Maine [USA, English]
Illustrated Guide to Lichens on Twigs [UK, English]
Key and Literature Guide to the Genera of Lichenized Fungi (Lichens) in the Neotropics [Germany, English]
Key to Foliicolous Lichens and their Lichenicolous Fungi [Germany, English]
Key to the Lichen Genera of the Guianas [Germany, English]
Key to Lime-loving Lichens of Eastern North America [USA, English]
Lichen Determination Keys Available on the Internet [Germany, English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Common Malesian Lichen Genera [Germany, English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Lichens of Iran [Germany, English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Neotropical Genera [Germany, English]
Lichens of British Columbia, Illustrated Keys: Part 1, Foliose and Squamulose Species [Canada, English]
Podetiate Lichens of Highland Ecuador [Germany, English]
Synoptic Key to Common Lichens of the Northwest USA [USA, English]

Arthoniales

Key to Foliicolous Species of the Genus Arthonia [Germany, English]

Caliciales

Keys to Genera & Species of Caliciales in Norway [USA, English]

Erysiphales

Key to the Genera of Powdery Mildew Fungi [USA, English]

Helotiales

Key to Geoglossum [UK, English]
Synoptic Keys to the Sclerotiniaceae & Rutstroemiaceae in Nordic Countries [Norway, English]

Hypocreales

Genera of Bionectriaceae, Hypocreaceae & Nectriaceae (Hypocreales, Ascomycetes) [USA, English]
Hypomyces Interactive Key [USA, English]
Trichoderma (Fungi, Ascomycetes, Hypocreales) [USA, English]

Lecanorales

Bestimmungsschlüssel für die Parmeliaceae (Blattflechten) von Laurimacaronesien [Key to the Parmeliaceae (Foliose Lichens) of Macaronesia, Germany, German]
Cladoniaceae of Chile [Germany, English]
Key to the Genus Ophioparma in Eastern North America [USA, English]
Key to the Genus Parmelia Sensu Stricto in Eastern North America [USA, English]
Key to Parmelia of Great Britain & Ireland [UK, English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Hyperphyscia [Germany, English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Neotropical Hypotrachyna [Germany, English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Neotropical Parmotrema [Germany, English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Neotropical Stereocaulon [Germany, English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Relicina [Germany, English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Tropical Corticolous Buellia [Germany, English]
Lichens of the Ozarks: Key to Bacidia, Bacidina, Fellhanera and Some Other Species with a Similar Type of Spores [USA, English]
Lichens of the Ozarks: Key to Protoblastenia [USA, English]
De Nederlandse Cladonia's [Key to Cladonias of the Netherlands, Netherlands, Dutch]

Microthyriales

British Fungi: Key to Lichenopeltella [UK, English]
British Fungi: Key to Microthyrium [UK, English]

Pertusariales

Lichen Determination Keys: Megalosporaceae [Germany, English]
Lichen Determination Keys: Pertusaria in Europe & the Mediterranean [Germany, English]

Pezizales

British Fungi: Key to Peziza [UK, English]
Key to the Genera of the Operculate Cup Fungi of the Pacific Northwest & Rocky Mountain Region [USA, English]
Key to Morchella [USA, English]
Morels & False Morels [USA, English]
PezWeb Genus Finder: Oregon State University [USA, English]
Systematic Studies in Discomycetes: Pezizales [USA, English]
Trial Key to Helvellaceae of the Pacific Northwest [USA, English]
TuberKey, an Interactive Key for Identification of Truffles [Italy, English, Italian]

Pleosporales

British Fungi: Key to Acanthostigmella [UK, English]
British Fungi: Key to Taphrophila [UK, English]
British Fungi: Key to Tubeufia [UK, English]

Rhytismatales

Fungi of Ukraine: Rhytismatales [UK, English]
Key to Lophodermium [New Zealand, English]
Key to Rhytismataceae Genera [New Zealand, English]
Rhytismataceae by Host [New Zealand, English]

Sordariales

Lasiosphaeriaceae: Keys to Genera [USA, English]

Teloschistales

Key to the Genus Caloplaca [USA, English]

Trichotheliales

Foliicolous Species of the Genus Porina [Germany, English]

Xylariales

Home of the Xylariaceae [USA, English]
Synoptic Key to Hypoxylon Taxa [France, English]

Incertae Sedis

British Fungi: Key to Lembosina [UK, English]
British Fungi: Key to Morenoina [UK, English]
British Fungi: Key to Stomiopeltis [UK, English]
Key to Gomphillus of Eastern North America [USA, English]

BASIDIOMYCOTA

Agaricales, Boletales, Botryobasidiales, Cantharellales, Cortinariales, General, Hymenochaetales, Russulales, Thelephorales, Tilletiales, Tremellales, Uredinales

General

Norske Poresopper [Nordic Polypores, Norway, Norwegian]

Agaricales

Amanita Species of Section Phalloideae from North America Having Membranous, Limbate to Saccate Volvas [USA, English]
Coprinus: Studies in Coprinus - Keys to Subsections & Species in Coprinus [Poland, English]
Draft Keys to Amanitaceae of Costa Rica & Neighbouring Regions [USA, English]
Draft Keys to Species of Amanita Occurring in California, Idaho, Oregon & Washington USA, and in Neighbouring Regions of Canada and Mexico [USA, English]
Draft Keys to Species of Amanita Occurring in Northeastern USA and Eastern Canada [USA, English]
Ed's E-Key, a User-friendly Point & Click Key to the Mushrooms of North America [USA, English]
Key to Clitopilus in Costa Rica [USA, English]
Key to Collybia Sensu Stricto of the Northeast United States & Canada [USA, English]
Key to Gymnopus of the Northeast United States & Canada [USA, English]
Key to Inocybe [Germany, German]
Key to Laccaria in Costa Rica [USA, English]
Key to Mycenas of Norway [Norway, English]
Key to North American Armillaria Species [USA, English]
Key to Paxillus [Germany, German]
Key to Phaeocollybia in Costa Rica [USA, English]
Key to Pholiota [Germany, German]
Key to Rhodocollybia of the Northeast United States & Canada [USA, English]
Key to Rhodocybe in South America & Costa Rica [USA, English]
Key to the Taxa of Flammulina [USA, English]
Key to Tricholoma of Québec [Canada, English]
Keys to Amanita [USA, English]
Keys to Coprinus & Inocybe [Netherlands, English]
The Mushroom Place, Experimental Mushroom Numerical Key: Agarics [USA, English]
Provisional Key to Amanita Stirps Crocea, Amanita Stirps Fulva, and Amanita Stirps Romagnesiana [USA, English]
Provisional World Key to Species Close to Amanita hemibapha with Notes on the Slender Caesar's Mushrooms of Eastern North America [USA, English]
Tabular & Non-tabular Keys to Rubescent Species of Amanita Section Validae [USA, English]
A Visual Key to the Sections of Amanita [USA, English]

Boletales

Leccinum Revisited [UK, English]
Macrofungi of Costa Rica, Interactive Keys: Leccinum & Phylloporus in Costa Rica [USA, Spanish, English]

Botryobasidiales

Keys for the Teleomorphs and Anamorphs of Botryobasidium [Germany, English]

Cantharellales

British Fungi: Key to Hydnum [UK, English]

Cortinariales

Keys to Cortinarius Subgenus Dermocybe in Nordic Countries [Norway, English]

Hymenochaetales

Key to Species of Hyphodontia, Hyphodontiella, Schizopora, Echinoporia [Germany, English]

Russulales

British Fungi: Key to Hericium [UK, English]
Key to Lactarius in North America [USA, English]

Thelephorales

British Fungi: Key to Bankera [UK, English]
British Fungi: Key to Hydnellum [UK, English]
British Fungi: Key to Phellodon [UK, English]
British Fungi: Key to Sarcodon [UK, English]
Tomentella und Verwandte Gattungen [Tomentella and Related Genera, Germany, German]

Tilletiales

The Genus Tilletia in the United States [USA, English]

Tremellales

British Fungi: Key to Exidia [UK, English]

Uredinales

Ravenelia in the United States & Argentina [USA, English]

Ustilaginales

Key for Smut Fungi Known in Costa Rica Based on the Families of Host Plants [USA, English]

CHROMISTA

Oklahoma Co-operative Extension Service: Simplified Key to the Phytophthora spp. Most Commonly Isolated from Irrigation Water [English]

CONIDIAL FUNGI

Key to the Fungi of the Genus Ascochyta [Germany, English]
Keys to Identification of Moulds [Canada, English]
Trichoderma (Fungi, Ascomycetes, Hypocreales) [USA, English]

MYXOMYCOTA

Echinosteliales (Myxomycetes): an INTKEY Package for Interactive, Illustrated Identification & Information Retrieval [Spain, English]

ZYGOMYCOTA

Key to Fungi in Glomales [USA, English]


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